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Simon de Montfort: Origins of Parliament

Houses of Parliament

Houses of Parliament

  • On the 15th June 1215, the Magna Carta was signed at Runnymede.
  • On the 18th October 1216, King John dies at Newark Castle, and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. His nine year old son, becomes his successor and is crowned King Henry III of England.  Henry’s England is ruled by Regents until he becomes of age to rule.
  • 1254 was the first time, that each county in the land, was represented at Parliament, and they could have their say.
  • In the April of 1258, Barons confront the king whilst holding Parliament at Westminster, unhappy in the way he governs… calling for reforms.
  • In the June of 1258, the king is forced to accept the “Provisions of Oxford” act, which saw control of his kingdom passed to a council of fifteen. The kings and barons swore an oath to uphold the Provisions of Oxford act, and would meet three times a year to discuss any issues.
  • In the October of 1259, the council carried out further reforms in local government, and introduced new laws.
  • In 1261, Henry III regained his powers, as the act was axed. Simon de Montfort was not happy, and left England for France in 1262.  He returns in the April of 1263, and goes to war against Henry.
  • In the May of 1264, Simon de Montfort takes on the army of Henry III, wining a decisive battle, and capturing Henry III and his son Edward, at the “Battle of Lewes.”
  • In the years 1264-65, Simon de Montfort ruled England and controlled the king.
  • Simon de Montfort, calls representatives of counties and towns to attend Parliament in 1265.
  • On the 4th August 1265, Simon de Montfort is defeated in battle by Edward, son of Henry who had escaped his clutches. Simon dies at the “Battle of Evesham.”

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