Home » HISTORY: ENGLAND » A Tudor King: Henry VII

A Tudor King: Henry VII

King Henry VII

King Henry VII

Henry was born on the 28th January 1457 to parents Edmund Tudor the Earl of Richmond and Margaret Beaufort at Pembroke Castle in Wales.  On the 22nd August 1485 he ascended to the English throne, after defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth, and was crowned at Westminster Abbey, as King Henry VII of England on the 30th October 1485.

Elizabeth of York

Elizabeth of York

On the 18th January 1486, he married Elizabeth of York, the daughter of Edward IV, thereby uniting the houses of York and Lancaster.  She bore him seven children, only four survived infancy; Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary.

On the 16th June 1487, Henry’s forces did battle with loyal Yorkists at the “Battle of Stoke” putting out the fire of rebellion, aimed at him.

On the 25th November 1487, Elizabeth of York was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey.

On the 11th June 1488 James IV ascended to the Scottish throne, and one of his first acts was to permit rebel Yorkists safety in Scotland.

In 1492 Perkin Warbeck, claimed he be, the rightful heir to the throne, son of Edward IV, and imprisoned in the Tower of London.  Support for the pretender grew, until he was hanged on the 23rd November 1499, on the charge of treason.

On the 14th November 1501, Catherine of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain married Henry’s eldest son; Prince Arthur, by the then Archbishop of Canterbury (Henry Deane) at St.Paul’s Cathedral.

On the 24th January 1502 three treaties were signed between James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of England; a Treaty of Perpetual Peace, Treaty of Marriage between James IV and Henry’s daughter Margaret plus Treaty of Preservation covering Anglo-Scottish borders.

On the 25th January 1502 James and Margaret were married by proxy, and married on the 8th August 1503 at the Chapel of Holyrood house.

On the 2nd April 1502, Prince Arthur, Henry’s son died.

On the 11th February 1503, Elizabeth died and was buried at Westminster Abbey … Henry VII had lost his partner.

On the 25th June 1503, Henry the Prince of Wales is betrothed to Catherine of Aragon to preserve the English – Spanish alliance.

On the 21st April 1509, King Henry VII the first Tudor Monach of England, died at Richmond Palace, and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

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