Source of the Nile

Source of the Nile

K.Ewasiuk: Slide Share Images


Cleopatra VII: Mistress Of Rome!!

Unprecedented Cult

Greek and Royal
Ancient Egypt rulers,
Hellenistic times

Last Pharaoh
Young and beautiful,
Isis in Venus’ throne

Youngest Ptolemy
Rome’s colony

Cunning and Shrewd,
Ptolemy the scapegoat
Lust of throne,
Mistress to Rome

Caesar assasinated,
Caesarion, the child
Charmed Antonius,
Her reign alive

Egypt and Cyprus,
Under siege
Octavius raged,
Second Triumvirate ceased

Roman Senate,
Declared war
Battle of Actium,
They lost

Nowhere to run,
Antonius died
Afraid of captivity,
Took her life

Cleopatra was the last ruler of Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt. Though married to Ptolemy XIV, her younger brother, she charmed Julius Caesar and Mark Antony to safeguard her throne on Egypt, a then province under Roman Republic.

She allied with Antony whom she also married, but lost the battle of Actium against Octavius, Antony’s former aide and nephew of Caesar. Octavius was critical of Antony’s actions and his inclination towards Cleopatra. Post the…

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Protestant Martyr: Anne Askew

Anne Askew

Anne Askew

When we think of King Henry VIII, the first thing that comes to mind is his six wives and his yearning for a male heir.

If any of his wives betrayed or displeased him, they would more than likely end up headless…

In truth he was a medieval tyrant who wanted his own way.  He couldn’t get a divorce approved by the Pope, so he became the Head of the Church of England.

During his reign a number of his subjects were prepared to die for their beliefs.

England’s history is scattered with accounts of many women breaking free from their teachings.  According to the church, they were considered inferior to the man, and be the original sinners.

This account tells of one of those people: Anne Askew.

Anne Askew was born in 1521, in rural Lincolnshire, at a time in our history when it was considered dangerous, for one to hold religious beliefs, which was opposite to those of the King.

Aged just fifteen, her father; William Askew forced his rebellious child Anne into marriage with Thomas Kyme, son of a local farmer.  Under pressure she agreed.

Anne was an avid reader of the bible, and turned to that of a Protestant, which put her at odds with her church, her husband, her King.

In 1543, King Henry VIII made it illegal for those men and women of lower rank’s in society to read the bible.

This angered Anne so much, she would no longer be silent and went to Lincoln, where she openly read her bible in the Cathedral, openly defying the new laws of the land.

Her actions led to the separation of Thomas and Anne.  Some historical accounts state Thomas kicked her out, whilst other’s say Anne left of her own free will, to spread her religious beliefs.

Anne moved to London in 1544, resuming her birth name and became a preacher, reading and quoting from the Bible to Protestant and Evangelical men and women, of all societies of life.

Anne was a believer in the Reformation, when Martin Luther opposed corruption and greed within the Roman Catholic Church.  Such followers were known as Protestants; as such they were outlawed and prosecuted for their beliefs.

In the year 1534, when Anne was thirteen years old.  King Henry VIII proclaimed himself Head of the Church of England.  John Fisher a Roman Catholic cardinal and Sir Thomas More were executed during the Reformation for refusing to accept him as the Head of the English Church.

In 1545 Anne Askew was arrested on the charge of Heresy, with no witnesses the charges were dropped, and she was released.

On the 28th June 1546 she was arrested and charged yet again with Heresy, found guilty by her own admission and sent to the Tower of London to await her execution.

Illustration of torture of serial killer Madame de Brinvilliers

By order of Sir Thomas Wriothesley and Sir Richard Rich she was put on the rack, thus stretching her body until she revealed fellow Protestants … this she never did.

On the 16th July 1546, unable to walk from the torture she had undergone, she was carried out upon a chair to Smithfield, and tied to a stake and burnt as a heretic.

The punishment of a heretic would see one burnt at the stake for witchcraft or non-agreement of religious beliefs of the time, as was the case against Anne Askew.  Her death had been hastened by loyal friends who paid for gunpowder to be placed around her neck.

Anne Askew has become a famous Protestant Martyr, who was willing to be tortured and burnt at the stake for her beliefs…

Wikipedia Images

Countering a French Invasion of Norfolk

Pen and Pension

SAMSUNG DIGIMAX 420Beacon Hill, West Runton, Norfolk
With remains of Napoleonic-era signal station

Photo: CC Bill Griffiths

There had been at least three credible invasion threats between 1744, 1783 and 1793, but few serious steps taken against them. Even when the new French republican government, in early 1798, gave their troublesome military hero Napoleon Bonaparte command of yet another projected invasion of England, the ruling British elite seemed more worried that dangerous republican and revolutionary ideas might cross the channel than French soldiers.

Invasion via Norfolk is not such a strange idea as it sounds. The north coast of Norfolk, especially around Weybourne, is both suitable for a landing and very hard to defend adequately. In fact, Norfolk was never a likely target for invasion in the years between 1793 and 1802, simply because of the difficulty of organising a sea crossing from France for a large enough force. Nevertheless, the sea…

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Weybourne: Forgotten by time.

Weybourne Priory - Norfolka

Weybourne Priory

Weybourne an old worldly village with its flint houses and narrow winding lanes situated on the North Norfolk coast served by the North Norfolk private railway which runs between Sheringham ad Holt.  An area where the changes of time have had little effect on this beautiful village.

The Cistericans Monks were a brotherhood of strict regime who built their monasteries in remote areas.  At the conquest, East Anglia became a popular area to build houses for their monks.  Among them were the Augustinian Cannons who set up in Weybourne, who served, worked and preached in the area.

During the reign of King John (1199-1216), Sir Ralph Mainwaring lord of the Manor took possession of the Saxon Church Tower and built a priory to the east of it for the Augustinian Cannons.

Weybourne Priory a - NorfolkThe old square tower now in ruins still stands attached to the north side of the chancel and other fragments of the priory church make up the north wall with seven windows and a splendid pointed arch.  Much of the present church is of the time of Richard II but the fine west tower with panelled battlements is 15th century.  The two bays of the nave arcade are 600 yrs old and the pulpit is of Jacobean style.

Like many other churches it suffered during the reign of Henry VIII when he became head of the church and confiscated their wealth; Dissolution of the Monasteries.  The revolt that followed led to much of the decorative art in our churches being destroyed.

The old tower windmill of Weybourne has been converted into a house.  Out among the sandhills that rise 200ft and more above the sea where the salt marshes begin and the sea’s threat of invasion has never ceased in England’s history.

Before the Second World War things were very different in the village, it was almost self-sufficient with shops and craftsmen to cater for every need.  Nowdays shops relate to the past…  A village forgotten by time!

Gradually life is returning to Weybourne as it is now an area that attracts the bird watchers to view birds in their natural habitat, especially during the winter to see the spectacular dawn flights of pink-footed geese herald the day, and the dusk brings hen harriers drifting in too roost.